The river originally passed close to Sutton Courtenay and under a large mill there. In 1667 occurs the first reference to a pound lock underneath this mill. This had a set of gates beneath the mill floor and included a wide pool at the back of the mill. Consequently, it required a very large volume of water to fill it and so incurred a heavy toll. There were complaints to the Thames Navigation Commission in 1772 that the floor of the mill was a great obstruction to navigation. Although it was privately owned, the Commission undertook some improvements in 1789, but complaints persisted on the grounds of inconvenience and high tolls.
In 1803, Zachary Allnutt of Henley was appointed as Surveyor to the second and third districts of the Thames, which stretched from Mapledurham to Staines. He replaced John Clarke, who died that year, and was the son of Henry Allnutt, who was clerk to the Thames Commission from 1771 to 1820. Before his appointment, he had carried out a number of surveys for the Commission, including one for a new lock at Culham in 1802, but the scale of the works were larger than any previously undertaken, and the plan was not implemented immediately. However, he made a further survey in 1809, and work began in June, on the longest cut ever made on the Thames. It was 1,400 yards (1,300 m) long, with a lock at the lower end, constructed with stone walls, and with a relatively large drop for the time of 7 feet (2.1 m). A stone bridge with a span of 20 feet (6.1 m) was built to carry a road across the cut, and the work took just over a year to complete. The total cost of the project was just under £9,000, which included the purchase of the land. The project was overseen by George Treacher, who was awarded £100 in recognition of his services, when it was completed. Part of the older towpath around the backwater fell into disuse after the lock was built.
River Thames position
100 metres from river
Place type categories: Keywords: Postal address:
13 Tollgate Rd, Culham, OX14 4NE, United Kingdom
+44 1235 522061
Nearby places Nearby photos 1428339 - SU5094 : Plaque under the window 1428334 - SU5094 : Lock keeper's office 1428336 - SU5094 : Culham lock keeper's house 1428340 - SU5094 : Gates to the lock 945017 - SU5094 : Culham Lock 1431038 - SU5094 : Information on the lock 1336783 - SU5094 : The Thames Path by Culham Lock 1431005 - SU5094 : Out of the lock 752146 - SU5094 : Lock keeper's cottage 2505927 - SU5094 : Lock keeper's house, Culham 5233035 - SU5094 : Culham Lock 1422677 - SU5094 : Culham Lock 1431026 - SU5094 : Flood marks across the lock 5187962 - SU5094 : Culham Lock 1428326 - SU5094 : Path to the lock 1336789 - SU5094 : Culham Lock 1336787 - SU5094 : A boat entering Culham Lock 1221298 - SU5094 : Culham Lock on Culham Cut 519410 - SU5094 : Culham Lock, River Thames 1428346 - SU5094 : Waiting for the next 2186015 - SU5094 : Canoes in the cut 752141 - SU5094 : Flood marker 752137 - SU5094 : Culham Lock 1431015 - SU5094 : Heading up the cut 1221295 - SU5094 : Thames Path at Culham 1422683 - SU5094 : Bridge from the lock 5187956 - SU5094 : Bridge over the Culham Cut 5066648 - SU5094 : Entrance to Culham Cut on Tollgate Road 1417578 - SU5094 : Path to the lock 19924 - SU5094 : Culham Lock 1433840 - SU5094 : Signs on the gate 1433834 - SU5094 : Kissing gate to the field 4907332 - SU5094 : Bridge over Culham Cut 1417642 - SU5094 : Sutton Bridge on the cut 3556426 - SU5094 : The Orange Way after Wiltshire (183) 2801997 - SU5094 : Traffic lights on bridge over Culham Cut 1336780 - SU5094 : Sutton Bridge over Culham Cut 2801734 - SU5094 : Tollgate Road approaches bridge over Culham Cut 4979176 - SU5094 : Waiting to cross Sutton Bridge, Culham 2524054 - SU5094 : Bridge over Culham Cut 5066603 - SU5094 : Waiting to cross Sutton Bridge 1417593 - SU5094 : Start of Sutton bridge 1336781 - SU5094 : Sutton Bridge 1433848 - SU5094 : Along Sutton bridge 19930 - SU5095 : Culham School 1221296 - SU5094 : Sutton Bridge over the Cut 519339 - SU5094 : Culham Cut Bridge, River Thames 2186004 - SU5094 : Precarious slope 3270102 - SU5094 : Culham Cut 1433831 - SU5094 : Sutton Bridge 944994 - SU5094 : The road bridge over Culham Cut 752129 - SU5094 : Culham Cut bridge 1435561 - SU5094 : Fence at the bottom 2186011 - SU5094 : Sutton Bridge bench mark 1336772 - SU5094 : Sutton Bridge over the Thames 1336775 - SU5094 : Sutton Bridge over the Thames 1417599 - SU5094 : Looking up tollgate 1417586 - SU5094 : Gate over the road 1433856 - SU5094 : Sutton bridge from the bank 4773205 - SU5094 : Sutton Bridge over the River Thames 1435583 - SU5094 : View over the top 1433859 - SU5094 : Three on the Thames 2191792 - SU5094 : Benchmark and moss on top of the western parapet of Sutton Bridge 518845 - SU5094 : Sutton Bridge, River Thames 1436910 - SU5094 : Gated entrance 1436882 - SU5094 : Side of the bridge 1435574 - SU5094 : Fencing by the bridge 1534868 - SU5094 : River Thames, Sutton Bridge 1422671 - SU5094 : Sutton bridge in the distance 1436915 - SU5094 : Heading down the cut 1431003 - SU5094 : Sheltering ducks 1336785 - SU5094 : The Thames Path by Culham Cut 1436872 - SU5094 : Up to Sutton Pool 1336779 - SU5094 : The Thames Path at Culham 1436845 - SU5094 : Across Sutton Bridge 2848423 - SU5095 : Culham High Street 1433845 - SU5094 : Pillbox in the meadow 1436896 - SU5094 : By the island 1436890 - SU5094 : Better this side 1417710 - SU5094 : Along the cut 1417651 - SU5094 : The Thames path 1417694 - SU5094 : Inside the building 3157932 - SU5095 : Benchmark on #12 Tollgate Road 4690938 - SU5094 : The Culham Cut 1336767 - SU5094 : Culham Cut meets the Thames 5596528 - SU5094 : Culham Cut, looking towards Culham Lock 3157986 - SU5095 : Semi-detached houses on Tollgate Road 1417673 - SU5094 : Building in the bank 1417702 - SU5094 : End of the cut 1436862 - SU5094 : Down the Thames to the cut 1417615 - SU5094 : Looking down the cut 1221297 - SU5094 : Culham Cut from Sutton Bridge 2879294 - SU5094 : Abingdon Road, Culham 4521666 - SU5194 : Red Clover by the Thames Path 1221299 - SU5194 : The Thames from Sutton Bridge 1695645 - SU5194 : The River Thames from Sutton Bridge 1428382 - SU5094 : A look along the cut 4521668 - SU5194 : A small stream flows over the Thames Path 1336773 - SU5194 : The River Thames at Culham 1428735 - SU5094 : Looks strange 4521672 - SU5194 : The Thames Path near Culham 1433816 - SU5194 : Looking towards the bridge 1433824 - SU5194 : Towards the road 1336769 - SU5194 : The River Thames at Culham 4521700 - SU5194 : Yellow Flag by the River Thames 4521693 - SU5194 : Greater Knapweed by the Thames Path 1435513 - SU5094 : View of nettles 1428354 - SU5094 : Almost lost 1435526 - SU5094 : Looking at the clear side 1435504 - SU5094 : Full of rubbish 1428730 - SU5094 : Culham in the distance 1428690 - SU5094 : Pillbox across the meadow 1428350 - SU5094 : Bridge over the cut 1435533 - SU5094 : Head on view 1435508 - SU5094 : Not much cleaner here 1435449 - SU5094 : Way in the pillbox 1435445 - SU5094 : Nearly hidden 1428369 - SU5094 : Over the bridge 522908 - SU5094 : Culham Cut Footbridge, River Thames 1435530 - SU5094 : View to the other one 1435465 - SU5094 : No loophole this side 124748 - SU5094 : Culham Cut 1221292 - SU5095 : The White Lion, Culham 1435496 - SU5094 : Starting to deteriorate 3556420 - SU5094 : The Orange Way after Wiltshire (182) 5596526 - SU5094 : Bridge over Culham Cut 3176194 - SU5094 : Footbridge over Culham Cut 5596530 - SU5094 : Didcot in the distance 1428697 - SU5094 : Footpath to Sutton Courtenay 5596531 - SU5094 : Path to Sutton Courtenay weir 1428411 - SU5094 : Boat in the distance 5596524 - SU5094 : Culham Cut and the Thames path 1428703 - SU5094 : Familiar features 5034303 - SU5094 : Looking West in the Churchyard 1428722 - SU5094 : Across the meadow 1428717 - SU5094 : In the bush 5034402 - SU5094 : Two more Vaults 5034403 - SU5094 : Forgotten Vault 5034398 - SU5094 : Couple of Tombs 5034306 - SU5094 : Getting a little untidy 1428709 - SU5094 : Looking over a ditch 5035994 - SU5094 : Daffodils by the Grave 5034406 - SU5094 : Rust on the Sill 5034300 - SU5094 : East end of SS Peter & Paul 5033220 - SU5094 : I am the Good Shepherd 5031815 - SU5094 : Left hand Apse Window 5031812 - SU5094 : Right Hand Apse Window 5031809 - SU5094 : Apse Central Window 5030978 - SU5094 : Altar in the Apse 5034263 - SU5094 : Across the Churchyard 6454174 - SU5094 : Culham Manor and St Paul's Church 5030971 - SU5094 : Church Banner for SS peter & Paul 5034302 - SU5094 : SS Peter & Paul Culham 5033223 - SU5094 : Marble Memorial 5033213 - SU5094 : Cross on the Sill 5033208 - SU5094 : Culham Roll Of Honour 5033050 - SU5094 : Choir Stall 5033041 - SU5094 : Coats of Arms on the Glass 5033032 - SU5094 : Windows in the South Aisle 5033029 - SU5094 : Memorial in the North Aisle 5033024 - SU5094 : SS Peter & Paul Stained Glass 4 5032211 - SU5094 : SS Peter & Paul Stained Glass 3 5032210 - SU5094 : SS Peter & Paul Stained Glass 2 5032207 - SU5094 : Second Funerary Hatchment 5032206 - SU5094 : Funerary Hatchment 1 5032075 - SU5094 : Sacred to the Memory of Mary 5032068 - SU5094 : Selection of Memorials 5032065 - SU5094 : Thomas Bury 5032060 - SU5094 : Phillips Memorial 5032057 - SU5094 : Painted Wall 5030990 - SU5094 : Left Hand Panel 5030987 - SU5094 : Right Hand Panel 5030981 - SU5094 : Altar in SS Peter & Paul Culham 5030794 - SU5094 : Chancel in St Paul 5030788 - SU5094 : Three Arches 5030779 - SU5094 : Nave at SS Peter & Paul 2505922 - SU5094 : Culham church 19987 - SU5094 : The Thames Path near Culham 5034491 - SU5094 : Culham Manor 5034246 - SU5094 : Map in the Porch 5033366 - SU5094 : Chest at the Back 5033361 - SU5094 : Welch Memorial 5033044 - SU5094 : Pulpit View 5030964 - SU5094 : V R Coat of Arms 5030796 - SU5094 : SS Peter & Paul Culham Stained Glass 1 5030777 - SU5094 : Bell in the Porch 5030772 - SU5094 : War Memorial Near the Porch 5030768 - SU5094 : Open Door on the Porch 5030767 - SU5094 : Culham Church 4317612 - SU5094 : St Paul's Church 4317604 - SU5094 : Benchmark on St Paul's Church 5043391 - SU5094 : North Aisle Window 5033386 - SU5094 : Painting at the Back 5033369 - SU5094 : Open Doors 5033356 - SU5094 : End of the Pews 5033345 - SU5094 : Looking across the Pews 5033342 - SU5094 : The North Aisle 5033335 - SU5094 : Peel memorial 5033233 - SU5094 : Odd Memorial 5033211 - SU5094 : Memorial in the North Aisle 5031818 - SU5094 : From the Chancel 5030783 - SU5094 : Font in SS Peter & Paul 2505903 - SU5094 : Culham church 5034301 - SU5094 : By the North Aisle 5034488 - SU5094 : Old Graves Under the Yew 5032216 - SU5094 : Rev Robert Wintle 5034258 - SU5094 : Fenced Grave 5034255 - SU5094 : Graves near the Tower 5034252 - SU5094 : Tower on SS Peter & Paul 5030789 - SU5094 : Organ at the back 1290073 - SU5094 : Culham Cut 5596522 - SU5094 : Field and Culham Manor House from Thames path 6166391 - SU5094 : Gravestone of Edward Joseph Cheer in Culham churchyard 5034249 - SU5094 : Churchyard at the West End 1429747 - SU5095 : Porch on St Paul's 1429730 - SU5095 : Trees either side 2191486 - SU5094 : St Paul's Church 1429765 - SU5095 : Side of the porch 1429795 - SU5095 : Looking up the tower 1429789 - SU5095 : One stands out 1429775 - SU5095 : Tower on St Paul's 1429753 - SU5095 : Hidden in the plants 1429734 - SU5095 : Looking at the end 1429760 - SU5095 : Graves under the yew 1429769 - SU5095 : Bench Mark on the corner 649793 - SU5094 : St Paul's Church. 5596518 - SU4994 : Thames path near Culham Cut 5187924 - SU4994 : View to Culham church 1350408 - SU5095 : Field of wildflowers at Culham 940823 - SU5095 : Field of ripe wheat at Culham 20018 - SU4994 : Culham Church 19962 - SU4994 : River Thames where Culham Reach becomes Culham Cut 368616 - SU4995 : Rowers and geese at Culham Reach 1431161 - SU5095 : Old gate and post 1431171 - SU5095 : Lost in growth 1431176 - SU5095 : There was a road here once 5187917 - SU4994 : The River Thames at Culham 5187899 - SU5095 : The Thames Path near Culham 5596512 - SU4995 : River Thames at Culham Reach 3176171 - SU4994 : Some routes are more dangerous than others 3556409 - SU5095 : The Orange Way after Wiltshire (180) 1431045 - SU5095 : Across the old bridge 1432389 - SU5095 : The Burycroft 3270097 - SU5095 : Bridge over Back Water 1290048 - SU4995 : Jubilee Junction 1350434 - SU4995 : Culham Reach 1432383 - SU5095 : Junction to the road 3270099 - SU4994 : River Thames 4106564 - SU4994 : The Towers 6114639 - SU5095 : Old Toll House 4690944 - SU4994 : The River Thames south of Abingdon 1432442 - SU5095 : Culham reach 1432508 - SU5095 : The toll house 5596515 - SU5095 : Bridge taking the Thames Path over Back Water 2184615 - SU5095 : Back to old Culham bridge 1432426 - SU5095 : Footbridge over the ditch 1432396 - SU5095 : Part of the bridge 3556414 - SU5095 : The Orange Way after Wiltshire (181) 2326514 - SU5095 : Over the bridge 2184924 - SU5095 : Bridge through the trees 1432419 - SU5095 : Three arches 1431145 - SU5095 : End of the ditch 2185962 - SU5095 : Thames under the footbridge 2185953 - SU5095 : Dead by the bank 2184798 - SU5095 : Type 28 here 1432407 - SU5095 : Bridge over the ditch 2191567 - SU5095 : SW parapet of Old Culham Bridge with ice on Back Water 2326289 - SU5095 : Slot in the bridge 2184823 - SU5095 : Recess on the bridge 2184624 - SU5095 : It was just here 4690953 - SU5095 : Back Water 2184860 - SU5095 : Balcony on the bridge 2184838 - SU5095 : Here is the proof 1432432 - SU5095 : Going round the bend 1432402 - SU5095 : Through the trees 1431156 - SU5095 : Old Culham bridge 1432278 - SU5095 : On the bridge 2326270 - SU5095 : Old Culham Bridge benchmark 1350454 - SU5095 : View from Culham Bridge 2326268 - SU5095 : Looking for a benchmark 2185972 - SU5095 : Trees in the ditch 944967 - SU4994 : Junction of White Horse Cut with the Thames 1431165 - SU5095 : Part of the bridge 940811 - SU5095 : Old Culham Bridge 2185937 - SU5095 : Reflections of Old Culham Bridge 1432491 - SU5095 : Last Arch 1350448 - SU5095 : Sign on Culham Bridge 522940 - SU5095 : Culham Old Bridge, River Thames 1431138 - SU5095 : Lost in the trees 1350445 - SU5095 : Footpath over the old Culham Bridge 1350442 - SU5095 : Culham Bridge 20000 - SU5095 : Old Culham Bridge 1431067 - SU5095 : Bridge in the distance 1431115 - SU5095 : End of the bridge 1350412 - SU5095 : Culham Bridge 3176201 - SU5095 : Footbridge at Culham 1432294 - SU5095 : Plaque in the bridge 2326279 - SU5095 : Looking past the benchmark 2184812 - SU5095 : Pillbox on the bend 1431055 - SU5095 : Railings by the path 4977069 - SU5095 : Abingdon Road crossing Back Water 1432297 - SU5095 : Swift Ditch 1432496 - SU5095 : Shallow water 2184893 - SU5095 : Culham bridge Bench Mark 2184869 - SU5095 : New Culham bridge 1432287 - SU5095 : Mark on the end 2326503 - SU5095 : The second base 2668529 - SU5095 : SW face of the SW side of Culham (old) Bridge 2191542 - SU5095 : Benchmark on the Old Culham Bridge 2326263 - SU5095 : Chugging on by 2668687 - SU5095 : A415 at Culham (new) Bridge 2191588 - SU5095 : Flush Bracket serial number G3645 benchmark on Culham Bridge 1432282 - SU5095 : Bench mark on the bridge 2326509 - SU5095 : Direction of fire 2184909 - SU5095 : Swift ditch from the bridge 1431181 - SU5095 : Old bend 1431198 - SU5095 : Culham Bridge 2674831 - SU4994 : Stormy Light on a Gravel Pit 1431189 - SU5095 : Bridge round the bend 2454542 - SU4995 : Boats at Abingdon Marina 1432480 - SU5095 : Abingdon in the distance 1431178 - SU5095 : Last section 5596510 - SU4995 : River Thames near Culham Reach 1432363 - SU5095 : Back to Abingdon 940792 - SU4995 : Looking down the Thames towards the emergence of Swift Ditch 2441450 - SU4995 : Abingdon Marina 2185982 - SU4995 : Abingdon in the distance 19939 - SU4995 : Abingdon Marina 2346500 - SU5095 : Round the bend to Culham Bridge 1431194 - SU5095 : Causeway to Abingdon 3556402 - SU4995 : The Orange Way after Wiltshire (179) 1350439 - SU4995 : The Thames Path on Culham Reach 5596499 - SU4995 : Footbridge over a drain on the Thames path 2185992 - SU4995 : Boathouse by the houses 1515421 - SU4995 : Abingdon Marina 2346136 - SU5096 : Towards Culham Bridge 2346105 - SU5096 : Milestone on the causeway 1350418 - SU4995 : River Thames from Culham Bridge 2346498 - SU5096 : Culham milestone benchmark 2668496 - SU5096 : Benchmark on milestone beside A415 2346091 - SU5096 : Culham Milestone 3176176 - SU4995 : Entrance to Abingdon Marina 6115205 - SU5096 : Old Milestone 4317621 - SU5096 : View north along The Causeway 5187896 - SU4995 : The Thames Path between Culham and Abingdon 4690958 - SU4995 : The River Thames near Abingdon Marina 2505885 - SU5096 : Causeway near Abingdon 3556292 - SU4995 : The Orange Way after Wiltshire (169) 2454573 - SU4995 : Marina Way, Abingdon 5187892 - SU4995 : Boat house on the River Thames in Abingdon 5187886 - SU4995 : The River Thames at Abingdon 3270091 - SU4995 : River Thames 3556301 - SU4995 : The Orange Way after Wiltshire (170) 612752 - SU4996 : An "Eight" at Abingdon 5596498 - SU4996 : Thames path looking south near Caldecott 4526423 - SU5294 : The Thames Path to Clifton Hampden 3556386 - SU4996 : The Orange Way after Wiltshire (178) 4526421 - SU5294 : The River Thames near Appleford 3556309 - SU4996 : The Orange Way after Wiltshire (171) 2096612 - SU4996 : Benchmark on wall of Stenton Close outside #66 Baker Street 17250 - SU5294 : Wittenham Clumps and an old Pillbox 945078 - SU5294 : Charlock flowers 4526427 - SU5294 : The Thames Path to Clifton Hampden 752157 - SU5294 : Didcot Power Station in the mist 3929222 - SU5293 : North of Appleford 1420307 - SU5294 : The bridge appears 2668904 - SU5196 : Autumnal reflections on The Thames